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Парацетамол: терапевтическое применение и проблема острых отравлений

https://doi.org/10.15360/1813-9779-2007-1-57-65

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Аннотация

В форме обзора литературы обсуждаются вопросы механизмов действия и терапевтического применения одного из самых известных и широко применяемых лекарственных средств — парацетамол. В 1995 г. эксперты ВОЗ провели сравнительную оценку препаратов разных групп с сочетанным анальгетическим и антипиретическим действием. По критерию «эффективность/безопасность» первое место получил парацетамол. Интерес к механизму действия и обсуждение безопасности применения возобновились с новой силой в связи с появившейся возможностью применения внутривенной формы парацетамола для обезболивания в послеоперационном периоде. На основании обзора литературы, авторы делают вывод о том, что парацетамол может с успехом использоваться в практической работе ОРИТ. Этот препарат обладает собственным достаточно выраженным обезболивающим и антипиретическим эффектом, а его совместное использование с наркотическими анальгетиками приводит к синергизму действия и снижению расхода опиоидов. При применении в терапевтических дозах парацетамол практически безопасен, но требует взвешенного подхода при назначении пациентам из групп риска.

Об авторах

Е. М. Шифман
Республиканский перинатальный центр, Петрозаводск, Республика Карелия


А. В. Ершов
Всероссийский центр экстренной и радиационной медицины МЧС России, СанктПетербург


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Для цитирования:


Шифман Е.М., Ершов А.В. Парацетамол: терапевтическое применение и проблема острых отравлений. Общая реаниматология. 2007;3(1):57-65. https://doi.org/10.15360/1813-9779-2007-1-57-65

For citation:


Shifman Y.M., Yershov A.L. Paracetamol: Therapeutic Use and the Problem of Acute Intoxications. General Reanimatology. 2007;3(1):57-65. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15360/1813-9779-2007-1-57-65

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ISSN 1813-9779 (Print)
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