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Роль протеолитических систем стромы в опухолевой прогрессии (обзор)

https://doi.org/10.15360/1813-9779-2019-5-106-126

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Аннотация

Онкологические заболевания являются жизнеугрожающей патологией, занимающей второе место среди причин заболеваемости и смертности после сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний. Выяснение механизмов процесса канцерогенеза позволяет расширить арсенал средств для предупреждения развития критических состояний при этой патологии.
В настоящее время протеолитические системы опухолевого микроокружения (ОМ) рассматриваются в качестве ключевых регуляторов процессов опухолевой прогрессии, обеспечивающих опухолевый рост, инвазию и метастазирование.
В обзоре рассмотрены структура и роль ОМ в прогрессии опухоли. Приводятся современные данные о роли протеолитических систем во взаимодействии клеток стромы с клетками опухоли при различных типах рака человека.
Наиболее изученными протеолитическими системами, вовлеченными в опухолевую прогрессию, являются система матриксных металлопротеиназ (ММП), системы активатора плазминогена урокиназного типа (uPA-система), а также различные катепсины, гранзимы и эластаза. Ингибирование внеклеточного протеолиза при развитии онкологического процесса рассматривается в качестве действенного подхода в терапии рака.

Об авторах

Е. В. Кугаевская
НИИ биомедицинской химии им. В. Н. Ореховича
Россия
Россия, 119121, г. Москва, ул. Погодинская, д.10


О. С. Тимошенко
НИИ биомедицинской химии им. В. Н. Ореховича
Россия
Россия, 119121, г. Москва, ул. Погодинская, д.10


Т. А. Гуреева
НИИ биомедицинской химии им. В. Н. Ореховича
Россия
Россия, 119121, г. Москва, ул. Погодинская, д.10


Н. И. Соловьева
НИИ биомедицинской химии им. В. Н. Ореховича
Россия
Россия, 119121, г. Москва, ул. Погодинская, д.10


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Для цитирования:


Кугаевская Е.В., Тимошенко О.С., Гуреева Т.А., Соловьева Н.И. Роль протеолитических систем стромы в опухолевой прогрессии (обзор). Общая реаниматология. 2019;15(5):106-126. https://doi.org/10.15360/1813-9779-2019-5-106-126

For citation:


Kugaevskaya E.V., Timoshenko O.S., Gureeva T.A., Solovieva N.I. The Role of Stromal Proteolytic Systems in Cancer Progression (Review). General Reanimatology. 2019;15(5):106-126. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15360/1813-9779-2019-5-106-126

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